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Urmia City Night in West Azerbaijan province
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Urmia is the second largest city in the Iranian Azerbaijan and the capital of West Azerbaijan Province. Urmia is situated at an altitude of 1,330 m above sea level, and is located along the Shahar Chay river (City River) on the Urmia Plain. Lake Urmia, one of the world's largest salt lakes, lies to the east of the city and the mountainous Turkish border area lies to the west



Urmia is the 10th most populated city in Iran. At the 2012 census, its population was 667,499 with 197,749 households. The city's inhabitants are predominantly Iranian Azerbaijanis who speak Azeri Turkish. as well as Iran's official language, Persian. There are also minorities of Kurds, Assyrians, and Armenians. The city is the trading center for a fertile agricultural region where fruits (especially apples and grapes) and tobacco are grown

An important town by the 9th century, Urmia was seized by the Seljuk Turks (1084), and later occupied a number of times by the Ottoman Turks. For centuries the city has had a diverse population which has at times included Muslims (Shias and Sunnis), Christians (Catholics, Protestants, Nestorians, and Orthodox), Jews, Bahá'ís and Sufis. Around 1900, Christians made up more than 40% of the city's population, however, most of the Christians fled in 1918 / as a result of the Persian Campaign during World War I and the Armenian and Assyrian Genocides




شبهای ارومیه


آذربایجان غربی

بازار اورمیه

urmia city

میدان ایالت


پل قویون

شهر ارومیه

The name Urmia originated in the Kingdom of Urartu. Urartian fortresses and artifacts found across Azerbaijan and into the Azerbaijan province of Iran denote a Urartian etymology. The city's Armenian population also complements the idea of a Urartian origin. Richard Nelson Frye also suggested a Urartian origin for the name

T. Burrow connected the origin of the name Urmia to Indo-Iranian urmi- "wave" and urmya- "undulating, wavy", which is due to the local Assyrian folk etymology for the name which related "Mia" to Syriac meaning "water." Hence Urmia simply means 'Watertown" — a befitting name for a city situated by a lake and surrounded by rivers, would be the cradle of water. This also suggests, that the Assyrians referred to the Urartian influence in Urmia as ancestors of the inhabitants of the Sumerian city state Ur, referenced Biblically as "Ur of the Chaldees". Further association of the Urmia/Urartian/Ur etymology from the Assyrian folk legend is the fact that the Urartian language is also referenced as the Chaldean language, a standardized simplification of Neo-Assyrian cuneiform, which originated from the accreditation to Urartian chief god Ḫaldi or Khaldi. Thus the root of Urmia is an Assyrian reference to the etymology of the Urartu/Ur Kingdoms and the Aramaic word "Mia" meaning water, which as T. Burrow noted, referenced the city that is situated by a lake and surrounded by rivers



As of 1921, Urmia was also called, Urumia and Urmi. During the Pahlavi Dynasty (1925–1979), the city was called Rezaiyeh[nb 3] after Rezā Shāh, the dynasty's founder, whose name ultimately derives from the Islamic concept of rida via the Eighth Imam in Twelver Shia Islam, Ali al-Ridha

According to Vladimir Minorsky, there were villages in the Urmia plain as early as 2000 BC, with their civilization under the influence of the Kingdom of Van. The excavations of the ancient ruins near Urmia led to the discovery of utensils that date to the 20th century BC. In ancient times, the west bank of Urmia Lake was called Gilzan, and in the ninth century BC an independent government ruled there, which later joined the Urartu or Mana empire; in the 8th century BC, the area was a vassal of the Asuzh government until it joined the Median Empire after its formation

During the Safavid era, the neighboring Ottoman Turks, who were the archrivals of the Safavids, made several incursions into the city and captured it on more than one occasion, but the Safavids successfully defended their control over the area. When in 1622, during the reign of Safavid king Abbas I (r. 1588–1629) Qasem Sultan Afshar was appointed governor of Mosul,[17][18] he was forced to leave his office shortly afterwards due to the outbreak of a plague.[18] He moved to the western part of Azerbaijan, and became the founder of the Afshar community of Urmia.[18] The city was the capital of the Urmia Khanate from 1747–1865. The first monarch of Iran's Qajar dynasty, Agha Muhammad Khan, was crowned in Urmia in 1795

Nights of URMIA LAKE
lake urmia

دریاچه اورمیه

urmia lake

دریاچه ارومیه

Lakes and Ponds
    Urmia Lake Natural Park
    Hasanloo Lake
    Marmisho lake
    Shahrchay ِDam
    Urmia Lake Islands

    Haft Abad
    Soole Dokel
    Dana Boğan
    Ali Pancesi
    Isti Sou

    Park-e Saat (Clock Park)
    Park-e Jangali (Jungle Park)
    Ellar Bagi (People`s Garden)
    Park-e Shahr (City Park)
    Park-e Saheli (Riverside Park)
    Park-e Shaghayegh
    Alghadir Park
    Tokhmemorghi (Oval) Park
    Ghaem Park

Touristic Coastal Villages

Urmia city Timelapse


Landscape Attractions
    Qasimlu Valley
    Kazem Dashi Islet in Lake Urmia
    Kashtiban Village
    Imamzada Village
    Silvana Region
    Rashekan to Dash Aghol
    Kaboodan Island

    Natural History Museum – Displays the animals native to the vicinity of Urmia
    Urmia Museum – Archaeological museum affiliated with the faculty of Shahid Beheshti University
    Urmia Museum of Crafts and Classical Arts
    Urmia Museum of َAntrophology

Link of English Tabriz WikiLinks

Link of Ardabil , West Azerbaijan and Zanjan provinces

مرتبط با : English Tabriz WikiLinks * آرتاویل،اورمو،زنگان
برچسب ها : urmia-azerbaijan-iranian azeri-west azerbaijan province-orumiyeh-ارومیه-آذربایجان-
نویسنده : تبریز قارتال
تاریخ : دوشنبه 9 اسفند 1395
زمان : 10:53 ب.ظ
می توانید دیدگاه خود را بنویسید
manicure پنجشنبه 10 فروردین 1396 03:23 ب.ظ
I'd like to thank you for the efforts you've put in penning this website.
I'm hoping to view the same high-grade blog posts
by you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my very own website now ;)
تبریز قارتال پاسخ داد:
English Tabriz WikiLinks :

manicure سه شنبه 8 فروردین 1396 08:15 ق.ظ
This is my first time pay a visit at here and i
am truly pleassant to read everthing at alone place.
تبریز قارتال پاسخ داد:

Urmia city beautiful places:
Band - Museum - Maarmishow - chay dam - Maku city - Qara kilisa Historic church , ...
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